When you live in a northern climate, having heat in your home is important to you and your family's survival. Relying solely on a furnace to heat your home can leave you without warmth during power cuts or when your furnace breaks down. Installing a wood burning stove in your home as a backup heat source is a good option to heat your home in a pinch. Here are three tips to help you successfully install a wood burning stove in your home.
Whenever you burn wood in a wood burning stove, the process is going to create combustion gasses such as carbon monoxide. These types of gasses are dangerous to you and your family, so you need to install a wood burning stove pipe ventilation system to allow them to escape out of your home.
You can build a masonry chimney that allows the gasses to vent from the stove and out your home. Or, you can install a pre-made metal chimney pipe that spans above the stove and out of your home's attic and roof.
Whether you install a brick chimney with an internal pipe or a metal chimney pipe, the materials need to be Class A rated. This will ensure the pipe can withstand temperatures up to 2100 degrees. If the inside of your chimney catches on fire, this will keep the fire from spreading to your home.
The material you place underneath your wood burning stove will protect your home's floor from the extreme heat of the stove and can help radiate heat through the room.
For your stove's pad you can use stone, fire brick, tile, or cinderblocks. If there is any carpeting, you need to remove it from the area where your stove will sit, including an extra 18 inches around the space. If you are laying the pad material down directly over a cement floor, you can use an elastic latex-modified thinset mortar to adhere the material onto the cement. This thinset mortar will be flexible and give when the cement expands and contracts with the stove's heat.
When you install your heat pad over a wood floor in your home, make sure you first install a concrete board at least 1/2 inch thick over the wood floor. Install the concrete board with thinset mortar to allow for heat expansion and contraction, and nails to secure the concrete boards in place. Then, you can install the tile, heat brick, or rock over the top of the concrete board using latex-modified thinset mortar.
If you choose to use fire bricks or cinderblocks for your pad, they will absorb heat from the stove, then help radiate it throughout the room.
Where you place your stove is just as important as how you install the stove in your home. The best placement for a wood burning stove is on the main floor living area in your home. This will keep warm the area you use for daytime activities. Any bedrooms in the basement or on the second floor will remain slightly cooler for sleeping, but you can make some changes to your home to help with heat distribution.
Install some floor vents in the second floor rooms to allow heat to radiate upstairs. You can also use ceiling fans in the main floor area to help move the heat downward, away from the ceiling, and into other areas of the house.
If your furnace fan is still working at the time you choose to heat your home with a wood burning stove, you can use your furnace's blower to pull the warm air in the cold air returns and back through your home's heat vents.
These three tips can help you install a wood burning stove as a home heating backup. For more information, contact a company like Redlands Plumbing Heating & Air Conditioning.